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Spanish
General Information
Native name:Español; Castellano
Writing system:Latin
(Spanish Alphabet)
Language family:Indo-European
Italic
Romance
Western Romance
Ibero-Romance
West Iberian
ISO 639-1:es
Speakers
First language:410 million
Second language:90 million
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Spanish is a Western Romance language.

Geographic DistributionEdit

  • Africa: Equatorial Guinea
  • America: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Europe: Spain

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Consonant phonemes
Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Stop pb td ʝ kɡ
Continuant f θ* s (ʃ)** x
Lateral l ʎ*
Flap ɾ
Trill r

*Preserved only in some dialects. In most dialects they have been merged, respectively, with /s/ and /ʝ/.
**Appears only in loanwords.

VowelsEdit

Spanish vowel chart

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