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Greek Alphabet

Alphabet Edit

Below is a table listing the Greek letters, as well as their forms when romanized. The table also provides the equivalent Phoenician letter from which each Greek letter is derived. Pronunciations transcribed using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

The classical pronunciation given below is the reconstructed pronunciation of Attic in the late 5th and early 4th century (BC). Some of the letters had different pronunciations in pre-classical times or in non-Attic dialects.

Greek alphabet in Unicode
Letter Name Sound Value Number
Phoenician origin Greek casing Greek name Ancient Latin name Modern Latin name Ancient Greek pronunciation Modern Greek pronunciation Ancient Greek sound Modern Greek sound Ancient Latin value Modern Latin value Amount
Aleph Α α Αλφα Alpha Alfa /alpha/ /alfa/ /a/ /a/ a a 1
Beth Β β Βετα Beta Vita /beta/ /vita/ /b/ /v/ b v 2
Gimel Γ γ Γαμμα Gamma Gama /gamma/ /gama/ /g/ /g/ g g 3
Daleth Δ δ Δελτα Delta Delta /delta/ /delta/ /d/ /d/ d d 4
He Ε ε Εψιλον Epsilon Epsilon /epsilon/ /epsilon/ /e/ /e/ e e 5
Waw Ϝ ϝ
Ͷ ͷ
Ϝιγαμμα Digamma* /digamma/ /d/ d 6
Waw Ϛ ϛ Ϛιγμα Stigma* /stigma/ /st/ st 6
Zayin Ζ ζ Ζετα Zeta Zita /zeta/ /zita/ /z/ /z/ z z 7
Heth Ͱ ͱ Ͱετα Heta* /heta/ /h/ h 8
Heth Η η Ητα Eta Ita /eta/ /ita/ /e/ /i/ e i 8
Teth Θ θ Θετα Theta Thita /theta/ /thita/ /th/ /th/ th th 9
Yodh Ι ι
Ιοτα Iota Iota /iota/ /iota/ /i/ /i/ i i 10
Yodh Ϳ ϳ Ϳοτ Yot*=IJot* /jot/ /j/ j 10
Kaph Κ κ Καππα Kappa Kapa /kappa/ /kapa/ /k/ /k/ k k 20
Lamedh Λ λ Λαμβδα Lambda Lamda /lambda/ /lamda/ /l/ /l/ l l 30
Mem Μ μ Μυ Mu Mi /mu/ /mi/ /m/ /m/ m m 40
Nun Ν ν Νυ Nu Ni /nu/ /ni/ /n/ /n/ n n 50
Samekh Ξ ξ Ξι Xi Xi /ksi/ /ksi/ /ks/ /ks/ ks ks 60
Ayin Ο ο Ομικρον Omicron Omikron /omikron/ /omikron/ /o/ /o/ o o 70
Pe Π π Πι Pi Pi /pi/ /pi/ /p/ /p/ p p 80
Sade Ϻ ϻ Ϻαν San* /san/ /s/ s 90
Qoph Ϙ ϙ
Ϟ ϟ
Ϙοππα Koppa* /koppa/ /k/ k 90
Res Ρ ρ Ρο Rho Ro /rho/ /ro/ /rh/ /r/ rh r 100
Sin Σ σ
ς
Σιγμα Sigma Sigma /sigma/ /sigma/ /s/ /s/ s s 200
Taw Τ τ Ταυ Tau Taf /tau/ /taf/ /t/ /t/ t t 300
Waw Υ υ Υψιλον Upsilon Ipsilon /upsilon/ /ipsilon/ /u/ /i/ u i 400
Qoph Φ φ Φι Phi Fi /phi/ /fi/ /ph/ /f/ ph f 500
Samekh Χ χ Χι Chi Chi /khi/ /khi/ /kh/ /kh/ kh kh 600
Qoph Ψ ψ Ψι Psi Psi /psi/ /psi/ /ps/ /ps/ ps ps 700
Ayin Ω ω Ωμεγα Omega Omega /omega/ /omega/ /o/ /o/ o o 800
Sade Ͳ ͳ
Ϡ ϡ
Ͳαμπι Sampi* /sampi/ /s/ s 900
Sade Ϸ ϸ Ϸο Sho* /šo/ /š/ š 900

External linksEdit

  • Antinoou - font with full Greek support

ReferencesEdit

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