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French
General Information
Native name:Français
Writing system:Latin
(French Alphabet)
Language family:Indo-European
Italic
Romance
Western Romance
Gallo-Romance
Oïl
ISO 639-1:fr
Speakers
First language:80 million
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French is a Western Romance language.

Geographic DistributionEdit

Official language inEdit

  • Europe: Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Switzerland
  • America: Canada, Haiti
  • Oceania: Vanuatu
  • Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Togo

DialectsEdit

  • Acadian French
  • African French including sub-branch Maghreb French (North African French)
  • Aostan French
  • Belgian French
  • Cambodian French
  • Canadian French
  • Cajun French
  • Guianese French
  • Haitian French
  • Indian French
  • Jersey Legal French
  • Lao French
  • Louisiana French
  • Meridional French
  • Metropolitan French
  • Missouri French
  • New Caledonian French
  • Newfoundland French
  • New England French
  • Quebec French
  • South East Asian French
  • Swiss French
  • Vietnamese French
  • West Indian French

PhonologyEdit

Consonant phonemes of French
Labial Dental/Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular
Nasal m n ɲ (ŋ)
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ (x)
voiced v z ʒ ʁ
Approximant plain l j
rounded ɥ w
Example words
Voiceless Voiced
IPA Example Gloss IPA Example Gloss
/p/ /pu/ pou 'louse' /b/ /bu/ boue 'mud'
/t/ /tu/ tout 'all' /d/ /du/ doux 'sweet'
/k/ /ku/ cou 'neck' /ɡ/ /ɡu/ goût 'taste'
/f/ /fu/ fou 'crazy' /v/ /vu/ vous 'you'
/s/ /su/ sous 'under' /z/ /zo/ zoo 'zoo'
/ʃ/ /ʃu/ chou 'cabbage' /ʒ/ /ʒu/ joue 'cheek'
/m/ /mu/ mou 'soft'
/n/ /nu/ nous 'we, us'
/ɲ/ /aɲo/ agneau 'lamb'
/ŋ/ /paʁkiŋ/ parking 'parking lot'
/l/ /lu/ loup 'wolf'
/ʁ/ /ʁu/ roue 'wheel'

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