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English
General Information
Native name:English
Writing system:Latin
(English Alphabet)
Language family:Indo-European
Germanic
West Germanic
Anglo-Frisian
Anglic
ISO 639-1:en
Speakers
First language:360-400 million
Second language:400 million
Foreign language:600-700 million
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English is a West Germanic language.

Geographic DistributionEdit

Official Language inEdit

  • Africa: Botswana, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somaliland, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • America: Canada, United States
  • Asia: India, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore
  • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Europe: Ireland, Malta, United Kingdom
  • Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

PhonologyEdit

Consonant phonemesEdit

Labial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k ɡ
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x h**
Approximant ɹ* j w
Lateral l

* Conventionally transcribed /r/.
** Mainly used in Scottish and Hiberno-English; words with /x/ in Scottish accents tend to be pronounced with /k/ in other dialects.

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