General Information
Native name:English
Writing system:Latin
(English Alphabet)
Language family:Indo-European
West Germanic
ISO 639-1:en
First language:360-400 million
Second language:400 million
Foreign language:600-700 million
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English is a West Germanic language.

Geographic DistributionEdit

Official Language inEdit

  • Africa: Botswana, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somaliland, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • America: Canada, United States
  • Asia: India, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore
  • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Europe: Ireland, Malta, United Kingdom
  • Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu


Consonant phonemesEdit

Labial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k ɡ
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x h**
Approximant ɹ* j w
Lateral l

* Conventionally transcribed /r/.
** Mainly used in Scottish and Hiberno-English; words with /x/ in Scottish accents tend to be pronounced with /k/ in other dialects.

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